Findings from the field of evolutionary biology are yielding dramatic insights for health scientists, especially those involved in the fight against infectious diseases. This book is the first in-depth presentation of these insights. In detailing why the pathogens that cause malaria, smallpox, tuberculosis, and AIDS have their special kinds of deadliness, the book shows how efforts to control virtually all diseases would benefit from a more thorough application of evolutionary principles. When viewed from a Darwinian perspective, a pathogen is not simply a disease-causing agent, it is a self-replicating organism driven by evolutionary pressures to pass on as many copies of itself as possible. In this context, so-called "cultural vectors"--those aspects of human behavior and the human environment that allow spread of disease from immobilized people--become more important than ever. Interventions to control diseases don't simply hinder their spread but can cause pathogens and the diseases they engender to evolve into more benign forms. In fact, the union of health science with evolutionary biology offers an entirely new dimension to policy making, as the possibility of determining the future course of many diseases becomes a reality. By presenting the first detailed explanation of an evolutionary perspective on infectious disease, the author has achieved a genuine milestone in the synthesis of health science, epidemiology, and evolutionary biology. Written in a clear, accessible style, it is intended for a wide readership among professionals in these fields and general readers interested in science and health.
The third edition of this best-selling resource from the American Academy of Pediatrics aids in the diagnosis and treatment of more than 100 infectious diseases. Streamline disease recognition and clinical decision-making with more than 1,200 finely detailed color images. Three new chapters cover fungal diseases, hemorrhagic fevers (filoviruses), and trichuriasis. Concise text descriptions steps through diagnosis, evaluation and management essentials for each condition. Essential information on each condition is presented in the precise sequence needed in the clinical setting:Clinical manifestationsEpidemiologyDiagnostic testsEtiologyIncubation periodTreatment
MedicalPearls Publishing provides a flashcard style practice test with teaching points to assist in identification of knowledge gaps and resolve educational deficits.
The mission of every Infectious Awareables tie is to generate interest, discussion, even excitement about serious public health issues such as this silk Fungi/Mold tie in marine. Believing that humor can be a powerful educational tool, Infectious Awareables neckties take an atypical, slightly irreverent approach to some very serious subjects. Shop and take pride in knowing that a portion of the proceeds will be donated to disease research/education. "Start the Conversation!" MOLD is a serious environmental hazard, composed of varying types of FUNGI, and has wide-reaching health-related, legal and financial implications. Our pretty stunning design features the following stylish villains: Stachybotrys (oblong with hyphae at end): the classic, toxic black mold, found in water-damaged or "leaky" buildings. The spores are choka-block with a variety of toxins; Aspergillus: (flower-like): looks beautiful,like a fanning flower, but can produce a very a nasty aflatoxin; Penicillium (faint "artist's brush" shape in background): a common environmental mold, with one of the more recognizable shapes for microbiologists. A back-of-tie "Awareness Note" and a source citation are incorporated in the pattern design, which reads: "MOLD is composed of various types of FUNGI, examples of which-Aspergillus, Stachybotrys and Penicillium-are shown here. Mold continues to be a serious environmental issue, with far-reaching health-related, legal and financial implications." "Original images courtesy of Niall Hamilton, BSc, BHB." Note: IA contributes a portion of proceeds to research, education or support associated with important non-profit public health agencies and organizations.
2015 Red Book is the American Academy of Pediatrics' authoritative guide to manifestations, etiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of more than 200 childhood conditions.It provides evidence-based guidance to practicing clinicians on pediatric infections and vaccinations based on the recommendations of the committee as well as the combined expertise of the CDC, the FDA and hundreds of physician contributors.The Red Book is an essential reference for pediatric infectious diseases specialists and general pediatricians, and is useful for family medicine and emergency medicine physicians as well. Public health and school health providers, medical residents and students also will find it a high-yield source of pediatric infectious disease and vaccine information.The book is divided into sections that coverActive and passive immunizationDisease summariesAntimicrobial therapy for treatment and prophylaxisCare of children in special situationsUpdated information and recommendations you cannot afford to be without...Standardized approach to disease prevention through immunizations, antimicrobial prophylaxis, and infection control practicesNew chapter on Hemorrhagic Fevers Caused by Filoviruses has been addedNew chapter on human parechovirus infections has been addedUpdated information on hypersensitivity reactions after immunizationsThe latest on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in adolescents and childrenUpdated coverage of actinomycosis, amebiases, arbovirus, bacterial vaginosis, blastocystis, candidiasis, Clostridium difficle, coronaviruses, dengue, enteroviruses, Escherichia coli, Giardia intestinalis, gonococcal infections, Helicobacter pylori infections, lyme disease, meningococcal infections, pediculosis capitis, pertussis, pneumococcal infections, rotavirus, and moreManaging Injection Pain has been significantly expandedUpdated information on hepatitis CUpdated information on group B streptococcal infectionsUpdated section on drugs for parasitic infectionsSignificantly revised chapter on Respiratory Syncytial VirusRecommendations for using MMR or MMRV vaccines have been updatedThe Antimicrobial Resistance and Antimicrobial Stewardship chapter has been significantly broaded and updatedUpdated information on HIVAnd much more!
Antibiotics Simplified, Fourth Edition is a best-selling, succinct guide designed to bridge knowledge gained in basic sciences courses with clinical practice in infectious diseases. This practical text reviews basic microbiology and how to approach the pharmacotherapy of a patient with a presumed infection. It also contains concise Drug Class Reviews with an explanation of the characteristics of various classes of antibacterial drugs and antifungal drugs. This text simplifies learning infectious disease pharmacotherapy and condenses the many facts that are taught about antibiotics into one quick reference guide. This guide will help students learn the characteristics of antibiotics and why an antibiotic is useful for an indication. With an understanding of the characteristics of the antibiotics, students will be able to make a logical choice to treat an infection more easily.
Completely revised and updated to reflect the latest guidance and recommendations, the new third edition of this award-winning quick reference guide provides the latest information on the prevention and management of infectious diseases.Presented in an easy-to-use format, this 'must-have' guide provides: Content from AAP's premier source of information on infectious diseases, the Red Book Quick reference fact sheets on more than 50 common infectious diseases and symptoms that occur in children in group settings Easy-to-read explanations on how infectious diseases spread Strategies for limiting the spread of infection When exclusion is indicated and not indicated Guidance about which situations require immediate help Immunization schedules Ready-to-use sample letters and forms for parents or referrals
Emerging Infectious Diseases offers an introduction to emerging and reemerging infectious disease, focusing on significant illnesses found in various regions of the world. Many of these diseases strike tropical regions or developing countries with particular virulence, others are found in temperate or developed areas, and still other microbes and infections are more indiscriminate. This volume includes information on the underlying mechanisms of microbial emergence, the technology used to detect them, and the strategies available to contain them. The author describes the diseases and their causative agents that are major factors in the health of populations the world over. The book contains up-to-date selections from infectious disease journals as well as information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the World Health Organization, MedLine Plus, and the American Society for Microbiology. Perfect for students or those new to the field, the book contains Summary Overviews (thumbnail sketches of the basic information about the microbe and the associated disease under examination), Review Questions (testing students' knowledge of the material), and Topics for Further Discussion (encouraging a wider conversation on the implications of the disease and challenging students to think creatively to develop new solutions). This important volume provides broad coverage of a variety of emerging infectious diseases, of which most are directly important to health practitioners in the United States.
For epidemiologists, evolutionary biologists, and health-care professionals, real-time and predictive modeling of infectious disease is of growing importance. This book provides a timely and comprehensive introduction to the modeling of infectious diseases in humans and animals, focusing on recent developments as well as more traditional approaches. Matt Keeling and Pejman Rohani move from modeling with simple differential equations to more recent, complex models, where spatial structure, seasonal "forcing," or stochasticity influence the dynamics, and where computer simulation needs to be used to generate theory. In each of the eight chapters, they deal with a specific modeling approach or set of techniques designed to capture a particular biological factor. They illustrate the methodology used with examples from recent research literature on human and infectious disease modeling, showing how such techniques can be used in practice. Diseases considered include BSE, foot-and-mouth, HIV, measles, rubella, smallpox, and West Nile virus, among others. Particular attention is given throughout the book to the development of practical models, useful both as predictive tools and as a means to understand fundamental epidemiological processes. To emphasize this approach, the last chapter is dedicated to modeling and understanding the control of diseases through vaccination, quarantine, or culling. Comprehensive, practical introduction to infectious disease modeling Builds from simple to complex predictive models Models and methodology fully supported by examples drawn from research literature Practical models aid students' understanding of fundamental epidemiological processes For many of the models presented, the authors provide accompanying programs written in Java, C, Fortran, and MATLAB In-depth treatment of role of modeling in understanding disease control