Combining tales of devastating epidemics with accessible science and fascinating history, Deadly Companions reveals how closely microbes have evolved with us over the millennia, shaping human civilization through infection, disease, and deadly pandemic. Beginning with a dramatic account of the SARS pandemic at the start of the 21st century, Dorothy Crawford takes us back in time to follow the interlinked history of microbes and humanity, offering an up-to-date look at ancient plagues and epidemics, and identifying key changes in the way humans have lived--such as our move from hunter-gatherer to farmer to city-dweller--which made us ever more vulnerable to microbe attack. Showing that how we live our lives today--with increased crowding and air travel--puts us once again at risk, Crawford asks whether we might ever conquer microbes completely. Among the possible answers, one thing becomes clear: that for generations to come, our deadly companions will continue to influence our lives. New in Paperback
The third edition of this best-selling resource from the American Academy of Pediatrics aids in the diagnosis and treatment of more than 100 infectious diseases. Streamline disease recognition and clinical decision-making with more than 1,200 finely detailed color images. Three new chapters cover fungal diseases, hemorrhagic fevers (filoviruses), and trichuriasis. Concise text descriptions steps through diagnosis, evaluation and management essentials for each condition. Essential information on each condition is presented in the precise sequence needed in the clinical setting:Clinical manifestationsEpidemiologyDiagnostic testsEtiologyIncubation periodTreatment
Completely revised and updated to reflect the latest guidance and recommendations, the new third edition of this award-winning quick reference guide provides the latest information on the prevention and management of infectious diseases.Presented in an easy-to-use format, this 'must-have' guide provides: Content from AAP's premier source of information on infectious diseases, the Red Book Quick reference fact sheets on more than 50 common infectious diseases and symptoms that occur in children in group settings Easy-to-read explanations on how infectious diseases spread Strategies for limiting the spread of infection When exclusion is indicated and not indicated Guidance about which situations require immediate help Immunization schedules Ready-to-use sample letters and forms for parents or referrals
For epidemiologists, evolutionary biologists, and health-care professionals, real-time and predictive modeling of infectious disease is of growing importance. This book provides a timely and comprehensive introduction to the modeling of infectious diseases in humans and animals, focusing on recent developments as well as more traditional approaches. Matt Keeling and Pejman Rohani move from modeling with simple differential equations to more recent, complex models, where spatial structure, seasonal "forcing," or stochasticity influence the dynamics, and where computer simulation needs to be used to generate theory. In each of the eight chapters, they deal with a specific modeling approach or set of techniques designed to capture a particular biological factor. They illustrate the methodology used with examples from recent research literature on human and infectious disease modeling, showing how such techniques can be used in practice. Diseases considered include BSE, foot-and-mouth, HIV, measles, rubella, smallpox, and West Nile virus, among others. Particular attention is given throughout the book to the development of practical models, useful both as predictive tools and as a means to understand fundamental epidemiological processes. To emphasize this approach, the last chapter is dedicated to modeling and understanding the control of diseases through vaccination, quarantine, or culling. Comprehensive, practical introduction to infectious disease modeling Builds from simple to complex predictive models Models and methodology fully supported by examples drawn from research literature Practical models aid students' understanding of fundamental epidemiological processes For many of the models presented, the authors provide accompanying programs written in Java, C, Fortran, and MATLAB In-depth treatment of role of modeling in understanding disease control
2015 Red Book is the American Academy of Pediatrics' authoritative guide to manifestations, etiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of more than 200 childhood conditions.It provides evidence-based guidance to practicing clinicians on pediatric infections and vaccinations based on the recommendations of the committee as well as the combined expertise of the CDC, the FDA and hundreds of physician contributors.The Red Book is an essential reference for pediatric infectious diseases specialists and general pediatricians, and is useful for family medicine and emergency medicine physicians as well. Public health and school health providers, medical residents and students also will find it a high-yield source of pediatric infectious disease and vaccine information.The book is divided into sections that coverActive and passive immunizationDisease summariesAntimicrobial therapy for treatment and prophylaxisCare of children in special situationsUpdated information and recommendations you cannot afford to be without...Standardized approach to disease prevention through immunizations, antimicrobial prophylaxis, and infection control practicesNew chapter on Hemorrhagic Fevers Caused by Filoviruses has been addedNew chapter on human parechovirus infections has been addedUpdated information on hypersensitivity reactions after immunizationsThe latest on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in adolescents and childrenUpdated coverage of actinomycosis, amebiases, arbovirus, bacterial vaginosis, blastocystis, candidiasis, Clostridium difficle, coronaviruses, dengue, enteroviruses, Escherichia coli, Giardia intestinalis, gonococcal infections, Helicobacter pylori infections, lyme disease, meningococcal infections, pediculosis capitis, pertussis, pneumococcal infections, rotavirus, and moreManaging Injection Pain has been significantly expandedUpdated information on hepatitis CUpdated information on group B streptococcal infectionsUpdated section on drugs for parasitic infectionsSignificantly revised chapter on Respiratory Syncytial VirusRecommendations for using MMR or MMRV vaccines have been updatedThe Antimicrobial Resistance and Antimicrobial Stewardship chapter has been significantly broaded and updatedUpdated information on HIVAnd much more!
News headlines are forever reporting diseases that take huge tolls on humans, wildlife, domestic animals, and both cultivated and native plants worldwide. These diseases can also completely transform the ecosystems that feed us and provide us with other critical benefits, from flood control to water purification. And yet diseases sometimes serve to maintain the structure and function of the ecosystems on which humans depend. Gathering thirteen essays by forty leading experts who convened at the Cary Conference at the Institute of Ecosystem Studies in 2005, this book develops an integrated framework for understanding where these diseases come from, what ecological factors influence their impacts, and how they in turn influence ecosystem dynamics. It marks the first comprehensive and in-depth exploration of the rich and complex linkages between ecology and disease, and provides conceptual underpinnings to understand and ameliorate epidemics. It also sheds light on the roles that diseases play in ecosystems, bringing vital new insights to landscape management issues in particular. While the ecological context is a key piece of the puzzle, effective control and understanding of diseases requires the interaction of professionals in medicine, epidemiology, veterinary medicine, forestry, agriculture, and ecology. The essential resource on the subject, Infectious Disease Ecology seeks to bridge these fields with an ecological approach that focuses on systems thinking and complex interactions.
Filled with detailed work-ups, treatments, pearls, illustrations, differential diagnosis, references....Everything you ever needed to know about infectious disease issues in an easy to read and navigate format created specifically for the handheld device. Edited by multiple specialists. The perfect text for internists, family physicians, urgent care, residents, medical students and mid-level providers.New in 2015 edition: Hyperlinked table of contents. Hyperlinked alphabetized index. Fully hyperlinked chapters and topics in the table of contents (located at the top of the 1st page). Over 820 illustrations and color photo's.Topics include: Travel/ Tropical medicine (evaluation, prevention and treatments), HIV/ AIDS, Parasites (worms, insects, food poisoning...), TB, Leprosy, Lymphadenopathy, Biological/ Chemical Weapons/ Terrorism agents, meningitis/ encephalitis, osteomyelitis, skin infections, fevers, sepsis, antibiotic use, common skin infections, tick bites, animal bites, wounds.........Features: Edited by highly regarded Infectious Disease specialists. This text was written for the handheld computer to be a mobile resource.No other text on the market provides such a collection of succinct and clinically relevant material that can be accessed at the “bedside”. Infectious Disease Contents: Fever | Sepsis | Acute Phase Reactants | Bacteria | Antibiotics | Osteomyelitis | CNS | TB | Leprosy | Parasites & Insects | Zoonotic | Travel Medicine | *Viral* | HIV-AIDS | Hemorrhagic Fevers | Skin | Botulism | Wounds | STD’s | Lymphadenopathy | Disseminated Fungal | Bio-Chem-Nuke Weapons | PEP / Needlestick | Fever: Links: Definition | Mechanisms | Benefits | ID EMERGENCIES | Hyperthermia | Types of Fevers | *FUO* | Drug Fevers | Fever and Rash | Acute Rheumatic Fever | Returned Traveler | Sepsis | Acute Phase Reactants | Nosocomial | ICU Fever | Cancer/ HIV | Neutropenic fever | Pediatric | Relative Brady / pulse-temp dissoc | Infection Control | Common Bacteria: Links: Normal Flora | Grams Stain | Serology | Blood Cx | Bacteriology Report | G+ cocci (GPC) | S. pneumo | G+ aerobic bacilli | G- aerobic diplococci | G- aerobic coccobacilli | G- aerobic bacilli | Anaerobes | Defective Cell Wall | Infection Control | Acid Fast Stain | Wright Stain | Antibiotics | Acute Rheumatic Fever | Abx Resistance | Zoonotic | Skin | Clostridium sp | Endocarditis | VREF | VAREC | Chronic Staph Carrier | MRSA | VISA | Empiric Abx in Sepsis | Organisms Causing Diarrhea-like illness | Parasitic Infections: Links: Nematodes | Trichinosis | Filarial | Trematodes | Cestode | Cysticercosis | Zoonotic Infections | Giardiasis | Ectoparasites | Insect Bites & Stings | Ticks | Rickettsial Diseases | Lyme Disease | Travel Medicine | Delusions of Parasitosis | Pinworms | Whipworms | Roundworms | Hookworm | Strongyloides (Threadworm) | Anisakiasis | Mixed | Trichinosis | Filarial | Schistosomiasis | Fasciolopsis | Paragonimus | Beef | Pork | Cysticercosis | Dwarf | Fish | Echinococcus | Protozoan (Toxo, Giardia, Amebic..) | Malaria |Zoonotic Infections: Links: Brucellosis | Rat Bite Fever | Toxoplasmosis | Toxocariasis | Other Parasites | Giardiasis | Leishmaniasis | Leptospirosis | Trypanosomiasis | Other Intestinal Illness | Entamoeba histolytica | Tick Spread Zoonosis | Rickettsial Diseases | Ectoparasites in travelers | PV & Repellents | Rabies | Insect Bites | Hemorrhagic Fevers | Prions ......
Mathematical models are increasingly being used to examine questions in infectious disease control. Applications include predicting the impact of vaccination strategies against common infections and determining optimal controlstrategies against HIV and pandemic influenza.This book introduces individuals interested in infectiousdiseases to this exciting and expanding area. Themathematical level of the book is kept as simple aspossible, which makes the book accessible to those who havenot studied mathematics to university level. Understandingis further enhanced by models that can be accessed online,which will allow readers to explore the impact of differentfactors and control strategies, and further adapt anddevelop the models themselves. The book is based on successful courses developed by theauthors at the London School of Hygiene and TropicalMedicine. It will be of interest to epidemiologists, publichealth researchers, policy makers, veterinary scientists,medical statisticians and infectious disease researchers.
This book synthesizes the flourishing field of anthropology of infectious disease in a critical, biocultural framework. Leading medical anthropologist Merrill Singer holistically unites the behaviors of microorganisms and the activities of complex social systems, showing how we exist with pathogenic agents of disease in a complex process of co-evolution. He also connects human diseases to larger ecosystems and various other species that are future sources of new human infections. Anthropology of Infectious Disease integrates and advances research in this growing, multifaceted area and offers an ideal supplement to courses in anthropology, public health, development studies, and related fields.